Climatic variability is an innate part of agriculture, therefore, farmers have always developed methods of managing these risks. The extreme climate change we see today introduces a new dimension to the problem. The continued use of agro-biodiversity in Nepalese farming, particularly by smallholder farmers, is likely to play an important role in adaptation to climate change. Maintaining rich species and crop diversity will help communities to manage climatic fluctuations, among other risks. Preserving forests, home gardens, agroforests and productive fields will enhance diversity and allow practices that increase adaptability and reduce vulnerability.
We are seeing that traditional farming practices and innovations made by farmers themselves are becoming a key element in local adaptation to climate change. While scientists and policymakers work to find solutions, local farmers have already gained a considerable level of experience “on the ground”. In doing this, they have developed excellent methods of coping with instability, based on observation and experimentation in the field. So, it is vital to document the adaptation practices that have been evolved by the farmers. The Eco-Reach Foundation will help farmers to identify these coping strategies and will furthermore promote the combination of traditional farming systems with modern technology.